Video Calling in Flutter

Video Calling in Flutter

Easily add video call with minimum lines of code

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Introduction:

Don't have time to introduce video calling in your app from scratch? Don't worry. This blog is made for you.

Learn to integrate video calling with a few lines of code within 30 minutes.

Not believing it? No problem. Just go through the blog. You will learn easily.

ZEGOCLOUD: zegocloud.com

Video call: zegocloud.com/product/video-call

Setup and Configuration:

  1. Create a basic project in Flutter (name like: video_meet).

  2. Add Packages

  3. Add .env file

    • Make a file named as .env at the root of your project.

    • Go to the ZegoCloud Admin Dashboard and an account. Then add appId and appSignKey in .env file. But how to do that? Don't worry. Click on the following video to see particularly the steps:

      %[youtube.com/watch?v=5mxaNizy35k&feature..

    • Open .gitignore file and write .env . .env file contains secret information. So we are adding this file under .gitignore so that it will not add to the version control in the future.

    • Include .env file under the assets section of pubspec.yaml file. That will load as assets when we run the project.

  4. Add Permissions under the main AndroidManifest.xml file

     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_WIFI_STATE" /><uses-permission android:name="android.permission.RECORD_AUDIO" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.INTERNET" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.ACCESS_NETWORK_STATE" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.CAMERA" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.BLUETOOTH" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.MODIFY_AUDIO_SETTINGS" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WRITE_EXTERNAL_STORAGE" />
     <uses-permission android:name="android.permission.READ_PHONE_STATE" /><uses-permission android:name="android.permission.WAKE_LOCK" />
    

  5. Go to the android -> app -> build.gradle, and change the following

     compileSdkVersion 33
     minSdkVersion 24
     targetSdkVersion 33
    
  6. Under the buildTypes->release of that file, add the following line:

     minifyEnabled true
     proguardFiles getDefaultProguardFile('proguard-android.txt'), 'proguard-rules.pro'
    

  7. Under the android->app, make a file name as proguard-rules.pro

  8. Write the following line under that file

     -keep class **.zego.** { *; }
    

Screen Making and Functionality Integration:

  1. Go the main.dart file under the lib folder.

  2. Delete all the things and paste the following code:-

     import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
     import 'package:video_meet/data_management.dart';
    
     import 'main_screen.dart';
    
     void main() async{
       await DataManagement.loadEnvData;
       runApp(const EntryRoot());
     }
    
     class EntryRoot extends StatelessWidget {
       const EntryRoot({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
    
       @override
       Widget build(BuildContext context) {
         return MaterialApp(
           debugShowCheckedModeBanner: false,
           title: 'ZegoCloud Testing',
           builder: (context, child) => MediaQuery(
             data: MediaQuery.of(context).copyWith(textScaleFactor: 1.0),
             child: child!,
           ),
           home: const MainScreen(),
         );
       }
     }
    

    ๐Ÿ‘‰ Explanation: Under the runApp() , we are calling the Stateless class EntryRoot, where the common entry of every Flutter project exists. Very easy to understand.

  3. Now create a file name as main_screen.dart. Paste the following code in that file.

     import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
     import 'package:flutter/services.dart';
    
     import 'package:permission_handler/permission_handler.dart';
     import 'package:video_meet/video_call.dart';
    
     class MainScreen extends StatefulWidget {
       const MainScreen({Key? key}) : super(key: key);
    
       @override
       State<MainScreen> createState() => _MainScreenState();
     }
    
     class _MainScreenState extends State<MainScreen> {
       _beautifyScreen(
           {Color navigationBarColor = Colors.white,
           Color statusBarColor = Colors.transparent,
           Brightness? statusIconBrightness = Brightness.dark,
           Brightness? navigationIconBrightness = Brightness.dark}) {
         SystemChrome.setSystemUIOverlayStyle(SystemUiOverlayStyle(
           systemNavigationBarColor: navigationBarColor, // navigation bar color
           statusBarColor: statusBarColor, // status bar color
           statusBarIconBrightness: statusIconBrightness,
           systemNavigationBarIconBrightness: navigationIconBrightness,
         ));
       }
    
       @override
       void initState() {
         _beautifyScreen();
         super.initState();
       }
    
       @override
       Widget build(BuildContext context) {
         return Scaffold(
           body: SizedBox(
             width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
             height: MediaQuery.of(context).size.height,
             child: Column(
               mainAxisAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
               children: [
                 _commonButton('Start a Meeting', () {
                   _joinMeeting(
                       meetId:
                           'video_call_${DateTime.now().microsecondsSinceEpoch}');
                 }),
                 const SizedBox(height: 30),
                 _commonButton('Join Meeting', _joinMeeting),
               ],
             ),
           ),
         );
       }
    
       _commonButton(String btnText, VoidCallback onTap) {
         return ElevatedButton(
             onPressed: onTap,
             style: ElevatedButton.styleFrom(
                 backgroundColor: const Color(0xff0155FE),
                 padding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 30, vertical: 10),
                 shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(
                   borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(8),
                 )),
             child: Text(
               btnText,
               style: const TextStyle(fontSize: 18, color: Colors.white),
             ));
       }
    
       void _joinMeeting({String meetId = ''}) async {
         final Map<Permission, PermissionStatus> _permissionStatuses = await [
           Permission.camera,
           Permission.microphone,
         ].request();
    
         final _permissionResultMap =
             _permissionStatuses.map((key, value) => MapEntry(key, value.isGranted));
    
         final _allPermissionResult = _permissionResultMap.values.toList();
    
         if (_allPermissionResult.contains(false)) {
           ScaffoldMessenger.of(context).showSnackBar(
               const SnackBar(content: Text('All Permission Need to Proceed')));
           return;
         }
    
         final TextEditingController _meetIdController = TextEditingController();
         final TextEditingController _userNameController = TextEditingController();
    
         _joinContentWidget() {
           return Container(
             width: MediaQuery.of(context).size.width,
             height: meetId.isEmpty ? 300 : 100,
             margin: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 15),
             child: Column(
               children: [
                 if (meetId.isEmpty)
                   TextFormField(
                       controller: _meetIdController,
                       cursorColor: const Color(0xff424242),
                       decoration: InputDecoration(
                         enabledBorder: _commonBorder,
                         focusedBorder: _commonBorder,
                         border: _commonBorder,
                         filled: true,
                         hintText: 'Meeting Id',
                         fillColor: const Color(0xFFF3F2F2),
                         contentPadding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(
                             vertical: 17, horizontal: 15),
                       )),
                 const SizedBox(
                   height: 30,
                 ),
                 TextFormField(
                     controller: _userNameController,
                     cursorColor: const Color(0xff424242),
                     decoration: InputDecoration(
                       enabledBorder: _commonBorder,
                       focusedBorder: _commonBorder,
                       border: _commonBorder,
                       filled: true,
                       hintText: 'User Name',
                       fillColor: const Color(0xFFF3F2F2),
                       contentPadding:
                           const EdgeInsets.symmetric(vertical: 17, horizontal: 15),
                     )),
               ],
             ),
           );
         }
    
         showDialog(
             context: context,
             builder: (_) => StatefulBuilder(
                 builder: (_, __) => AlertDialog(
                       insetPadding: const EdgeInsets.symmetric(horizontal: 10),
                       shape: RoundedRectangleBorder(
                           borderRadius: BorderRadius.circular(12)),
                       title: _joinTitle(),
                       content: _joinContentWidget(),
                       actionsAlignment: MainAxisAlignment.center,
                       actions: [
                         _commonButton("Let's Join", () {
                           if (meetId.isEmpty && _meetIdController.text.isEmpty) {
                             return;
                           }
    
                           final _confId =
                               meetId.isEmpty ? _meetIdController.text : meetId;
    
                           Navigator.of(context).push(MaterialPageRoute(
                               builder: (_) => VideoMeetScreen(
                                   conferenceId: _confId,
                                   userName: _userNameController.text,
                                   userId: DateTime.now()
                                       .microsecondsSinceEpoch
                                       .toString())));
                         }),
                       ],
                     )));
       }
    
       _joinTitle() {
         return const Center(
           child: Text(
             'Enter Meeting Id',
             style: TextStyle(fontSize: 25, fontWeight: FontWeight.w400),
           ),
         );
       }
    
       get _commonBorder => OutlineInputBorder(
             borderRadius: const BorderRadius.all(Radius.circular(12)),
             borderSide: BorderSide(
                 color: const Color(0xff424242).withOpacity(0.4), width: 2),
           );
     }
    

    ๐Ÿ‘‰ Explanation:

    • Make a Stateful Widget name as MainScreen .

    • From the initstate, call _beautifyScreen(), use to beautify screen layout(Optional).

    • Under the build method, make a Column widget with two common buttons for Start Meeting and Join Meeting.

    • First focus on what happens when we click two buttons.

      • When Join Meeting, a meeting id, and username are required. Take that two pieces of information from the user and with that, we will join the meeting.

      • When clicking on Start Meeting, only username we have to take. As the new fresh room is going to create, we have to give a new unique confId.

        So, generate a unique id with epoch time as it is always unique.

        • Generate a unique confId with the following code:

            final _confId = 'video_call_${DateTime.now().microsecondsSinceEpoch}';
            // That _confId will unique everytime.
          
  4. Create a file name as data_management.dart. Add the following code to that file.

     import 'package:flutter_dotenv/flutter_dotenv.dart';
    
     class DataManagement{
       static get loadEnvData async => await dotenv.load(fileName: ".env");/// MAke Sure There is a file named as '.env' in root dir
    
       static String? getEnvData(String key) => dotenv.env[key];
    
       static get getAppId => getEnvData('appID');
       static get getAppSigningKey => getEnvData('appSignKey');
    
     }
    

    Explanation:

    • loadEnvData is used for loading .env file, when the project starts. That's why it's called from void main() at main.dart file.

    • getEnvData is used for getting the value from the .env file with the proper key name mentioned in .env file.

    • getAppId is used for getting the value appId mentioned in .env file.

    • getAppSigningKey is used for getting the value appSignKey mentioned in .env file.

  5. Now create the last file for that project name as video_call.dart and paste the following code.

     import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
     import 'package:flutter/services.dart';
     import 'package:video_meet/data_management.dart';
     import 'package:zego_uikit_prebuilt_video_conference/zego_uikit_prebuilt_video_conference.dart';
    
     class VideoMeetScreen extends StatelessWidget {
       final String conferenceId;
       final String userName;
       final String userId;
    
       const VideoMeetScreen(
           {Key? key,
           required this.conferenceId,
           required this.userName,
           required this.userId})
           : super(key: key);
    
       @override
       Widget build(BuildContext context) {
         return SafeArea(
           child: ZegoUIKitPrebuiltVideoConference(
             appID: int.parse(DataManagement.getAppId),
             appSign: DataManagement.getAppSigningKey,
             conferenceID: conferenceId,
             userID: userId,
             userName: userName,
             config: ZegoUIKitPrebuiltVideoConferenceConfig(
                 turnOnCameraWhenJoining: false,
                 turnOnMicrophoneWhenJoining: false,
                 useSpeakerWhenJoining: true,
                 leaveConfirmDialogInfo: ZegoLeaveConfirmDialogInfo(
                   title: "Leave the conference",
                   message: "Are you sure to leave the conference?",
                   cancelButtonName: "Cancel",
                   confirmButtonName: "Confirm",
                 ),
                 topMenuBarConfig: ZegoTopMenuBarConfig(
                   buttons: [
                     ZegoMenuBarButtonName.showMemberListButton,
                     ZegoMenuBarButtonName.chatButton
                   ],
                 ),
                 bottomMenuBarConfig: ZegoBottomMenuBarConfig(buttons: [
                   ZegoMenuBarButtonName.toggleCameraButton,
                   ZegoMenuBarButtonName.toggleMicrophoneButton,
                   ZegoMenuBarButtonName.switchAudioOutputButton,
                   ZegoMenuBarButtonName.leaveButton,
                   ZegoMenuBarButtonName.switchCameraButton,
                 ], extendButtons: [
                   ElevatedButton(
                     style: ElevatedButton.styleFrom(
                       fixedSize: const Size(60, 60),
                       shape: const CircleBorder(),
                       backgroundColor: const Color(0xff2C2F3E).withOpacity(0.6),
                     ),
                     child: const Icon(Icons.copy),
                     onPressed: () async {
                       await Clipboard.setData(ClipboardData(text: conferenceId));
    
                       Navigator.pop(context);
    
                       ScaffoldMessenger.of(context).showSnackBar(const SnackBar(
                           content: Text('MeetId Copied to clipboard')));
                     },
                   )
                 ])),
           ),
         );
       }
     }
    

    Explanation:

    • Under that file first, create a stateless widget that will take three params

      • conferenceId

      • userName

      • userId

    • That class will be navigated from Let's Join the method under main_screen.dart file. Don't worry, you already wrote the code if you read the blog from the first step-by-step.

    • Under that class build method, we will call ZegoUIKitPrebuiltVideoConference widget with some basic and custom configurations.

      • appSign and appID will be called from DataManagement class.

      • conferenceID, userID, and userName is coming as the params of that class.

      • Want to know how to customize it further in your own way? Here is the clip for you.

        %[youtube.com/watch?v=5mxaNizy35k&feature..

๐ŸŽ‰ Now Run the project and have fun.

๐Ÿ™‹โ€โ™‚๏ธ Want to see the clip of the result? Here is the clip for you.

๐Ÿ™ Hope that blog helps you. Don't forget to like that blog.

๐Ÿ”ฎ See the full tutorial video of the project: https://youtube.com/watch?v=5mxaNizy35k&feature=shares

๐Ÿ”ฅ Source code of the tutorial: https://github.com/SamarpanCoder2002/Video-Calling-in-Flutter

๐Ÿ‘‰ Get 10,000 free mins for the flutter app: https://bit.ly/3GiFEgL

๐Ÿ‘‰ Find out more about ZEGOCLOUD: https://bit.ly/3vepTBl

๐Ÿ‘‰ How to create a video conference app: https://bit.ly/3HYSNNd

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